The word “carbon” is shorthand for all greenhouse gas emissions, including CO2, methane, F-gases and nitrous oxide. These gases get released by many different activities – not just the burning of fossil fuels, also farming, deforestation and many other industrial processes. (1)

The following graph [2] shows the global contribution of different sectors to greenhouse gas emissions.

  • Electricity and Heat Production (25% of 2010 global greenhouse gas emissions) The burning of coal, natural gas, and oil for electricity and heat is the largest single source of global greenhouse gas emissions. The sectors you can see are just further separations. 
  • (AFOLU) Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use (24% of 2010 global greenhouse gas emissions) Greenhouse gas emissions from this sector come mostly from agriculture (cultivation of crops and livestock) and deforestation. This estimate does not include the CO2 that ecosystems remove from the atmosphere by sequestering carbon in biomass, dead organic matter, and soils, which offset approximately 20% of emissions from this sector. 
  • Buildings (6% of 2010 global greenhouse gas emissions) Greenhouse gas emissions from this sector arise from on-site energy generation and burning fuels for heat in buildings or cooking in homes.
  • Transportation (14% of 2010 global greenhouse gas emissions) Greenhouse gas emissions from this sector primarily involve fossil fuels burned for road, rail, air, and marine transportation. Almost all (95%) of the world’s transportation energy comes from petroleum-based fuels, mostly gasoline and diesel.
  • Industry (21% of 2010 global greenhouse gas emissions) Greenhouse gas emissions from industry primarily involve fossil fuels burned on-site at facilities for energy. This sector also includes emissions from chemical, metallurgical, and mineral transformation processes not associated with energy consumption and emissions from waste management activities.
  • Other Energy (10% of 2010 global greenhouse gas emissions): This source of greenhouse gas emissions refers to all emissions from the Energy sector which are not directly associated with electricity or heat production, such as fuel extraction, refining, processing, and transportation.

The following graph [3] shows the global greenhouse gas emissions split into its different components.

  • Carbon dioxide (CO2): Fossil fuel use is the primary source of CO2. CO2 can also get emitted from direct human-induced impacts on forestry and other land use, such as through deforestation, land clearing for agriculture, and degradation of soils. Likewise, land can also remove CO2 from the atmosphere through reforestation, improvement of soils, and other activities.
  • Methane (CH4): Agricultural activities, waste management, energy use, and biomass burning all contribute to CH4 emissions.
  • Nitrous oxide (N2O): Agricultural activities, such as fertilizer use, are the primary source of N2O emissions. Fossil fuel combustion also generates N2O.
  • Fluorinated gases (F-gases): Industrial processes, refrigeration, and the use of a variety of consumer products contribute to emissions of F-gases. They include hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6).

sources

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